Selection of laws and customs that apply to Ereb Pesah (the Eve of Passover) when it falls on Shabbath.


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This page is specifically for 'Ereb Pesah which falls on Shabbath Qodesh (when the day before Passover is Shabbath). The laws and customs for Pesah and ‘Ereb Pesah which are discussed in our other Pesah bulletins are not repeated here. The Halakhoth (laws) mentioned here are a selection of those that specifically apply to ‘Ereb Pesah falling on Shabbath Qodesh.

The special Derasha (sermon) for Shabbath Haggadol is given on the Shabbath before Shabbath Haggadol.

Ta'anith Bekhoroth (fast of the first born) is done on the Thursday before Pesah - not Friday.

Bediqath Hames (the search for Hames) is done on Thursday night. One who is fasting should taste some food before performing the Bediqah. Upon its completion, the first "Kol Hamirah" (anullment of leaven) is recited.

Bi'ur Hames (the burning of the Hames) is done on Friday morning, but the second "Kol Hamira" is not recited. The second "Kol Hamira" must be recited on Shabbath morning.

The entire home should be free of Hames prior to the onset of Shabbath with just enough bread remaining for Hammosi on Friday evening and Saturday morning. Extreme care must be taken that the Hammosi not be taken around the house by children or adults, but rather, be confined to one area only.

The Hammosi of the Shabbath morning meal must be completed by the end of the fourth hour after daybreak, as in other years, (please check locally as to what time that corresponds to). It may not be in your possession after the end of the fifth hour. As such, Shahrith must be prayed very early, and Qaddus (Qiddush) and Hammosi should be made immediately after Musaph.

Nowadays, we have the good fortune to be able to eat this meal using disposable cutlery, crockery and tablecloths, which can all be disposed of together. Those Ashkenazim who light the Shabbath candles on the table, if they customarily do not make a Tenai before lighting (condition that they will be moved), should not light them this Shabbath on the tablecloth, unless they make a Tenai, as they are forbidden to be moved and the tablecloth would not be able to be thrown out. Sephardim do not have the custom of lighting the candles on the dinner table and, thus, do not need to be concerned about this.

If any Hames is left over, it is best to give it to a non-Jew. The custom among some Ashkenzim is to flush it down the toilet, since the bread has become nullified and is Ke’Afra DeAr’ah (like the dust of the earth). Sepharadim who, (as the Dayan Toledano once mentioned to me),  are known to revere bread to the extent of kissing it when it falls on the floor) should not to adopt this custom. Rab Obadiah Yoseph, hy"w, writes that it should be broken into small pieces and put with the rest of the crumbs.

Crumbs that remain must be cleaned up and placed outside in the Reshooth Harabbeem (public domain), taking extreme care not to violate any of the rules of ‘Erub Haseiroth. If not, the ideal would be for the non-Jew to take them also. Otherwise they may be placed in a plastic garbage bag in a place where they will not be opened by mistake and should be disposed of during Hol Hammo’ed.

Please note: the Hames should not be placed in your own trash cans that you continue to use.

Some Sephardi authorities permit the use of Massa 'Asheera (eg. egg Massa) for Se’uddah Shelishith on 'Ereb Pesah. Hakham Yoseph Hayyim, 'a"h (the Ben Ish Hai) does not. One should eat fruits instead, preferably of the type that require the blessing of Me’Ein Shalosh. One should not overeat and should finish eating by sunset. Those who eat Massa 'Ashira must complete the meal before the 10th hour.

After Minha one should change into clothes for Yom Tob, that were not used during the Shabbath meals which contained Hames.

Care should be taken to ensure that all members of the family are able to eat the meal at night with a good appetite and that they get sufficient sleep during the day so as to be able to stay awake at night.

Preparations for Pesah and the Seder (Shitakha) are made after nightfall. Any cooking must wait, of course, till Shabbath has ended.

Tizkoo Leshanim Rabboth

Taken from the writings of Hakham Ya'aqob Menashe

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